HYW Timeline

Click the name of the decade or use the pull down menu to go to a more detailed Timeline of the decade chosen (dates after 1380 are a work in progress).

Major Events

Political Events

Religious Events

Cultural events

Before the War

1066: William I (of Normandy) invades England, defeating Harold at the battle of Hastings1154: Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Normandy and Acquitaine, ascends the English throne1325: The War of St. Sardos fought over Edward II’s refusal to pay homage 1259: Henry III surrenders his claim to Normandy, Anjou, Maine, Touraine and Poitou, agreeing to hold remaining Plantagenet lands in France by liege homage1327: Edward III crowned king of England1328: Philip of Valois crowned king of France

1329: Edward III does simple homage for Acquitaine, but refuses to do liege homage

1303: Benedict XI elected Pope and moves to Avignon c1300-01: First mechanical clock1321: Dante finishes Divine Comedy1326: What may be the first cannon is fired by Rinaldo di Villamagna

1330s

1337: Philip VI confiscates the Acquitaine; Edward III claims the throne of France 1334-7: French harass the frontiers of Acquitaine while their privateers cruise the eastern coast of England1336: English pirates raiding French coast and shipping c1334: Jean Froissart born

1340s

1340: French navy defeated at Sluys1346: Battle of Crécy c1343: Geoffrey Chaucer born

1350s

1350: Philip VI dies; succeeded by John II1356: Battle of Poitiers. John II captured by Prince Edward of Woodstock 1357: The Lay-Folks Catechism by John Thoresby, Archbishop of York, appears. It is in English verse and is designed to instill a basic knowledge of the faith in the laity.

1360s

1360: Treaty of Bretigny: Acquitaine surrendered to the English1361: The Great Company (routiers) besieges Avignon1364: John II dies; succeeded by Charles V

1369: Charles V confiscates Acquitaine; hostilities recommence

1367: Richard of Bordeaux (II) born

1370s

1374, January: at Périgueux, Lancaster and du Gesclin agree to truce in Acquitaine1375, June: Further truce to last for 2 years and covering all of France1375-77: a peace council meets in Brussels. Cardinals as negotiators; the Duke of Lancaster and the Duke of Burgundy attend. Territorial compromise is reached but the sovereignty of Guyenne is still unsettled.

1377: Fifty ships of Franco-Castillian fleet carrying 4000 troops cross channel and sack Rye, inland raid to burn Lewes; then sail on to burn Plymouth

1377: Isle of Wight is overrun by French and inhabitants forced to buy them off

1377: Duke of Anjou and Constable invade Guyenne

1377, August: French fleet returns and burns Hastings; beaten off at Southampton and Poole. Uproar in England

1379: Lord Neville of Raby, Lieutenant, arrives in Bordeaux, raids in style of the French, sails up the Gironde and recaptures Mortagne. Said to have retaken over 80 towns in his lieutenancy, which lasts hardly more than a year

Count Louis de Male begins war against the weavers of Ghent

1376, April 28: The Good Parliament assembledJuly 6 or 10: The Good Parliament terminated1377, January 27: Parliament convened. First poll tax granted (4p on everyone above the age of 14): extremely unpopular

1377, June 21 Edward III dies of a stroke

1377, June 22: Coronation of Richard of Bordeaux; Minority council appointed

1379: Graduated poll tax in England

1378: Urban VI elected pope in Rome and Clement VII installed in Avignon at invitation of Charles V; the Great Schism has begun

1380s

1381: Peasants’ Revolt 1382: in January: Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia 1387: Chaucer writes Canterbury Tales

1390s

1399: Richard II abdicates the throne of England

1400s

1400-05: Owen Glen Dwr rises against English rule in Wales 1400: Geoffrey Chaucer dies1405: Jean Froissart diesc1412: Joan of Arc born

1410s

1415: Battle of Agincourt 1417: The great Papal Schism ends with the General Council of the Church at Constance; Martin V becomes the single pope

1420s

1420: Treaty of Troyes; on June 2 Henry V marries Catherine Valois

1430s

1431: Joan of Arc burned at the stake

1440s

1450s

1453, July: Battle of Castillon, last battle of the war1453: Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople 1455: “The War of the Roses,” an English civil war, begins 1454: Johannes Gutenberg perfects his movable type printing press

After the War

1475: Edward IV invades France in alliance with the Duke of Burgundy 1470: Sir Thomas Mallory’s Le Morte d’Arthur
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