1340’s

1340

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January

The Anglo-Flemish alliance is proclaimed; Edward leaves Antwerp for England25: Edward III assumes the title “king of England and France” In the autumn, the Scots drive Balliol out againEdward and Parliament have a stormy relationship that comes to a head after his return to England and his sacking of his ministers. Eventually, Edward agrees that only Parliament can impose taxes and has the right to audit the king’s accounts; that peers can only be arrested, judged, or outlawed by full parliament; and that all royal ministers are to be appointed in parliament and sworn to obey the realm’s laws.

February

6: John of Ghent, Edward’s third son, is born21: Edward returns from France. He sacks his councilors, blaming them for his failures in France.

March

April

May

June

22: Edward sails for the continent24: Battle of Sluys

July

Edward, despite lacking siege engines, lays siege to Tournai. The siege fails after two months but not before a large French army appears, watches, but refuses to offer battle.

August

September

A nine month armistice between France and England is to extend to Acquitaine and Scotland

October

Edward recants his agreement with Parliament. He does not call another parliament for two years

November

December

1341

January

A dynastic struggle breaks out in Brittany. The French support Jeanne, Count of Blois and niece of the dead duke while the English support John of Montfort, the half-brother of the dead duke. Ironically (or perhaps cynically) each faction supports the opposite basis of the claim of legitimate succession that they hold in the great war over succession to the French throne

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1342

January

The French sack Portsmouth again and threaten Southampton.Border fighting continues in Acquitaine

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1343

January

Truce in Brittany Edward of Woodstock is made Prince of Wales (a place he apparently never visited in his lifetime)

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1344

January

Edward III defaults on loans from Italian banks, causing two of the largest to go broke. Unsurpringly, his credit with Italian bankers dries up.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1345

January

Edward III develops a new strategy and attacks on three fronts: Edward doesn’t get his part going but Henry of Grosmnont, the Earl of Derby, and Sir Hugh Hastings lead a strike at upper Gascony and Sir Thomas Dagworth leads the offensive in Brittany

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1346

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

Edward launches the third front in Normandy, controlling it after a short campaign, rich in spoils. He then marches for Flanders but is opposed at all river crossings.

August

25: Battle of Crécy

September

Edward lays siege to Calais

October

17: At the battle of Neville’s Cross, the Scots are defeated and David II is taken prisoner and sent to the Tower of London.

November

December

1347

January

27: at Roche, Sir Thomas Dagworth routs the partisans of Charles de Blois, capturing Charles (Charles is ransomed by the king of France for 25000 gold crowns)

February

March

April

May

June

July

Philip VI marches to relieve Calais

August

2: After Edward III refuses a challenge to combat and Philip refusing to lead his army in an attack, the French army decamps. The Calais garrison throws its royal standard in the ditch.4: siege of Calais ends

September

A truce is arranged at the request of Pope Clement VI

October

November

December

1348

January

The Black Death breaks out in Marseille

February

March

April

May

June

Edward III founds the Order of the Garter at Windsor

July

August

September

October

November

December

1349

January

The Black Death is spreading across France.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

The Black Death appears in Dorset

September

October

November

December

There is an attempt by treachery to recover Calais for the French, but it fails.

 

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