1370’s

1370

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January

A major chevauchee is organized, to be headed by Robert Knollys. As some English lords were horrified by the thought of serving under “the old bandit” they either did not participate or went off on their own. Knollys strikes for Paris. The French continue to refuse battle and eventually the English leave in disgust.

Bertrand du Gesclin is made Constable of France.

Froissart begins his Chronicles

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

Edward, Prince of Wales, in a litter, commands the retaking of Limouges and the sack of the city.

November

December

1371

January

On advice from his surgeon, Edward the prince returns to England; John of Ghent is left in charge of Acquitaine; the English command becomes fragmented. Charles V and Charles of Navarre come to terms

In the winter, Edward III’s sons, John of Ghent and Edmund of Langley marry the daughters and heiresses of Pedro of Castile. John begins to call himself “the rightful king of Castile.”

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1372

January

English fortunes wane. The defense of Acquitaine falls on Captal de Buch until he is captured in a skirmish near Soubise. The French raid southern England. Poitiers opens its gates to du Gesclin and the rest of Poitou soon follows.

February

March

April

May

June

22: A Castillan-French fleet defeats an English re-inforcement fleet off la Rochelle. As a result, the mayor of La Rochelle overpowers then garrison and admits French troops.

July

August

Edward III and the prince of Wales sail with an army but contrary winds hold them back for six weeks until the sailors despair and put back to port.

September

October

Edward the prince resigns the principality of Acquitaine and retires to his castle at Berkamsted

November

December

1373

January

In mid-summer, a chevauchee under John of Ghent, the Duke of lancaster, travels from Calais to Bordeaux. A French army hovers about the route across the heart of France, cutting off stragglers but avoiding battle.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1374

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1375

January

Lancaster and du Gesclin agree to a truce in Acquitaine

February

March

April

John, Duke of Lancaster disbands the army, unable to pay them.

May

June

A further truce to last two years and covering all of France is agreed to in principal. A peace council begins to meet in Brussels

July

August

September

October

November

December

1376

January

Edward of Woodstock, the Prince of Wales, dies

February

March

April

28: the Good Parliament opens

May

June

July

The Good Parliament closes. Latimer, Lyons, Perrers and others impeached

August

September

October

November

December

1377

January

In celebration of Edward III’s jubilee, a pardon and amnesty is issued for many minor offenders and debtors; Latimer and Lyons names are on the list. The peace council is still meeting in Brussels

February

The trial of John Wycliffe is broken up in disorder and Wycliffe goes free.

March

April

May

June

Ships of a Castillan-French fleet sack Rye, raid and burn Lewes, then sail on to burn Portsmouth.

21: Edward III dies

22: Richard of Bordeaux is crowned. A minority council is appointed.

July

August

The French fleet returns and burns Hastings but is beaten off at Southampton and Poole.

September

October

November

December

1378

January

Urban VI is elected pope in Rome and Clement VII is installed as pope in Avignon at the invitation of Charles V; the great papal Schism has begun.

Two of Charles of Navarre’s agents are unmasked in a plot to poison Charles V. Afterwards Constable du Gesclin invades Navarre’s last possession in Normandy. Navarre sells Cherbourg to the English and flees back to the Pyrennes. The English rush to garrison Cherbourg.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1379

January

Parliament imposes a graduated poll tax.

Lord Neville of Raby Lieutenant of Acquitaine, arrives in Bordeaux and begins raiding in the style of the French. He sails up the Gironde and captures Mortagne.

Count Louis de Malle begins his war with the weavers of Ghent.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

War subsidies in Acquitaine are cut to £500 per annum.

December

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