Plants whose common names begin D-L

Listed here are a number of plants we know were cultivated for food, medicine, and other helpful applications.
Back to Medieval Gardens
Plants whose common names begin A-C
Plants whose common names begin M-R
Plants whose common names begin S-Z
Notes about the following tables:

Use: MD – medicinal, CUL – culinary, FRA – fragerance, BEA – beauty

Size: S- short, M- medium, T- tall

Source: Fr – Freeman, F- Frommand (c. 1525) in Landsberg, G- Gardener (c. 1350) in Landsberg, B- Bunney, L- Landsberg

Garden and Herber Plants D-L

Common Name Latin Name Color Type Size Season Use Notes Source
Daffodil . . . . . Bea . G
Daisy, Common Bellis perennis white flower plant . flowers Apr-Oct Cul . FB
Daisy, Ox-Eye Chrysanthemum leucanthemum . . . . . . .
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale yellow flower plant S flowers Apr-Oct Cul . FB
Dill Anethum graveolens yellow flower plant m/t flowers Jul-Sept Cul
Fra
Bea
. FrFB
Dittander Origanum dictamnus . plant . . Cul . FrF
Dragons . . . . . Cul . F
Dropwort Filipendula hexapetala . . . . Cul
Fra
Bea
. F
Dyer’s Greenweed Genista tinctoria yellow flower shrub S flowers June-Aug . . B
Elder Sambucus nigra white-flower black fruit tree . flowers June-July . . B
Elecampane Inula helenium yellow flower plant T flowers Jul-Aug Cul . FrFB
Elm Ulmus minor . tree t flowers Mar-Apr . . LB
Endive Cichorium endivia . . . . Cul . F
Eryngo Eryngium campestre . . . . Cul . F
Eyebright Euphrasia officinalis white, yellow, purple flowers plant m/t flowers june on Cul . FB
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare yellow flower plant . flowers Jul-Nov Cul . FrFB
Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum yellow-white flowers plant m/t flowers Jun-Aug . . FB
Fern, female Athyrium filixfemina . . .. . . . L
Fern, male Dryopteris filixmas green fronds plant m/t . . . LB
Feverfew Chrysanthemum parthenium white flowers plant . flowers Jul-Aug Md . FrGB
Fig Ficus caria . tree . . . . L
Flax Linum usitatissumum blue or white flowers plant T flowers June-Aug . . B
Foxglove Digitalis purpurea, alba purple spotted flowers plant T flowers June-Aug Bea
Fra
. GB
Garlic Allium sativum purple-white flowers plant . flowers June-Sep Cul
Fra
Bea
. FB
Garlic-Mustard Allaria petiolata . . . . Cul . .
Germander Teudrium chamaedrys pink-purple flowers shrub S flowers July-Sep Cul
Fra
Bea
. FB
Glastonbury Thorn Crataegus monogyna var. biflora . tree . . . . .
Good King Henry Chenopodium bonus-henricus . . . . Cul . F
Gooseberry . . shrub . . Bea . F
Gourd Lagenaria vulgaris . shrub . . Bea . F
Gromwell Lithospermum officinale white flowers plant m/t flowers Jun-Jul . . FB
Groundsel Senecio vulgaris . . . . . . .
Guelder Rose Viburnum opulus . . . . . . L
Hartstongue Phyllitis scolopendrium . . . . Cul . F
Hawthorn Crataegus oxyacantha white flower red berry shrub T flowers May-June . . L
Hazel Corylus avellana . tree S flowers Jan-Apr . . LB
Heartsease Viola tricolor white/yellow & purple flowers plant S flowers Apr-Sept Cul . FB
Hellebore Helleborus niger, viridis nig- white vir –¬†green flowers h’ous . flowers Jan-Feb . . FB
Hemlock Conium maculatum . tree . . . . Fr
Henbane Hyoscyamus niger grey-yellow flowers plant 2-3 ft flowers June-Sep . . FB
Herb Robert Geranium robertianum red-violet flowers plant m/t flowers May-Jun Md . G
Herb-Ive . . . . . . . F
Holly Ilex aquifolium . tree . . . . L
Hollyhock Althaea rosea white to deep red flowers . . flowers June-Sep Bea . GB
Horehound, white Marrubium vulgare white flower plant M flowers June_Sep . . .
Honeysuckle (Woodbine) Lonicera periclymenum . . . . . . .
Houseleek Sempervivum tectorum . plant . . Md . Fr
Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis purple flowers plant . Flowers June-Sep Cul . FrFB
Iris Iris florentina Variety plant m flowers spring Bea . FrG
Iris, Galdden Iris foetidissima . . . . . . .
Iris, Purple Iris germanica purple/yellow flowers plant M flowers June . . B
Iris, White Iris florentina white/yellow flowers plant M flowers June . . B
Ivy Hedera helix green/yellow flower vine . flowers Sept on . . LB
Ivy, Groundh Nepeta hederacca . vine . . . . Fr
Langdebeef Picris schioides . . . . Cul . F
Lavender Lavandula spica purple flowers plant m flowers Jul-Aug Bea . GB
Leek Allium porrum . . . . Cul . F
Lettuce Lactuca sativa . . . . Cul . F
Lily . . . . . Bea . F
Lily, Madonna Lilium candidum . . . . . . .
Lily of the Valley Convallaria majalis white flower red berry plant S flowers May-June Md
Bea
. FrLB
Loosestrife, Purple Lythrum salcaria . plant . flowers summer . . B
Lovage Levisticum officinale green-yellwo flowers yellow-brown fruit plant T flowers Jul-Aug . . FB
Lupin Coronilla sp. . . . . Cul . F

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply